Dover is a small town and major seaport in Kent, England. It is one of three towns in the Dover District, the others being Deal and Sandwich.
Dover is administered by Kent County Council, Dover District Council and Dover Town Council. Dover attractions include Dover Castle, Langdon Cliffs
(White Cliffs of Dover), Samphire Hoe, Western Heights and, of course, the beaches.
Dover is England's closest town to France. Just 22 miles of the Dover Straight (sea between the English Channel and the North Sea)
seperates Dover from Cap Griz Nez in France. Short sea ferry crossings to France and Belgium operate 24 hours a day.
Dover’s name originated with its river, the Dour, deriving from the Brythonic Dubras or Gaulish Dubron ("the waters"), via its Latinized form of Dubris.
Dover’s history, because of its proximity to France, has always been of great strategic importance to Britain. Archaeological finds have shown that there
were Stone Age people in the area and that by the Bronze Age the maritime influence was already strong. Some Iron Age finds exist also,
but the coming of the Romans made Dover part of their communications network.
Like Lympne and Richborough, Dover was connected by road to
Canterbury and Watling Street and it became Portus Dubris, a fortified port. Forts were built above the port lighthouses were constructed
to guide ships and one of the best-preserved Roman villas in Britain is here.
Dover figured largely in the Domesday Book as an important borough. It also served as a bastion against various attackers: notably the
French during the Napoleonic Wars and against Germany during World War II.